Does Trade Cause Capital to Flow? Evidence from Historical Rainfalls
Sebnem Kalemli–Ozcan, Alex Nikolsko–Rzhevskyy, Jun Hee Kwak , ( 147 )
Journal of Development Economics

We use a historical quasi-experiment to estimate the causal effect of trade on capital flows. We argue that fluctuations in regional rainfall within the Ottoman Empire capture the exogenous variation in exports from the Empire to Germany, France, and the U.K., during the period of 1859–1913. The identification is based on the following historical facts: First, only surplus production was allowed to be exported from the Empire (provisionistic policy). Second, different products grown in different regions were subject to variation in regional rainfall.

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