This paper examines the impacts of measures to reduce emissions from buses, cars, and two-wheelers in Mumbai, India. We have considered three possible policies: conversion of diesel buses to CNG, an increase in the price of gasoline and a tax on vehicle ownership. Our results suggest that the most effective policy to reduce emissions from passenger vehicles—in terms of the total number of tons of PM10 reduced—is to convert diesel buses to CNG.
The Impact of Policies to Control Motor Vehicle Emissions in Mumbai, IndiaMaureen Cropper, Akie Takeuchi and Antonio Bento ,
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Journal of Regional Science