We present experimental evidence that policies chosen by leaders depend on whether they were elected or appointed, and that this difference stems from how they are chosen per se, rather than on other explanations given in empirical studies. We find that elected leaders are significantly more likely to choose a non-selfish policy than leaders who are appointed. Elected leaders who act non-selfishly will favor the voter over the losing candidate, while appointed leaders show no tendency to favor the voter over the losing candidate.
Does “Being Chosen to Lead” Induce Non-selfish Behavior? Experimental Evidence on ReciprocityAllan Drazen, Erkut Ozbay , ( 174 )
Journal of Public Economics